Anthracite-derived Porous Carbon as Electrode Material of Lithium Power Sources

Authors V.I. Mandzyuk1, V.A. Povazhnyi2, B.I. Rachiy1

1Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, 57, Shevchenko Str., 76018 Ivano-Frankivsk, Ukraine

2Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry and Petrochemistry of NAS of Ukraine, 1, Murmanskaya Str., 02094 Kyiv, Ukraine

Issue Volume 10, Year 2018, Number 4
Dates Received 18 May 2018; revised manuscript received 16 August 2018; published online 25 August 2018
Citation V.I. Mandzyuk, V.A. Povazhnyi, B.I. Rachiy, J. Nano- Electron. Phys. 10 No 4, 04033 (2018)
PACS Number(s) 61.43.Gt, 81.05.Uw, 82.47.Aa
Keywords Porous carbon material, Anthracite, Specific surface, Lithium power source, Specific capacity (2) .

The possibilities of using of anthracite-derived porous carbon material as an electrode of lithium power sources are investigated in the work by the methods of galvanostatic discharge and cyclic voltammetry. It is established that the maximum value of the specific capacity of the power source of 1440 mA·h/g is achieved when using a material with a maximum surface area (990 m2/g) and a total pore volume (0.59 cm3/g). Processes occurring in the electrochemical system Li|LiBF4 (g-butyrolactone)|C are related to the irreversible formation of a solid-state layer on the surface of carbon particles and the reversible formation of non-stoichiometric insertion phases LixC.

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