Refinement Analysis using the Rietveld Method of Nd1.2Fe1O3 Oxide Material Synthesized by Solid-State Reaction

Authors E.H. Sujiono , A.C.M. Said, M.Y. Dahlan, R.A. Imran, S. Samnur

Laboratory of Materials Physics, Department of Physics, Universitas Negeri Makassar, Makassar, Indonesia

Issue Volume 10, Year 2018, Number 2
Dates Received 11 November 2017; revised manuscript received 28 April 2018; published online 29 April 2018
Citation E.H. Sujiono, A.C.M. Said, M.Y. Dahlan, et al., J. Nano- Electron. Phys. 10 No 2, 02034 (2018)
PACS Number(s) 61.05.cp, 74.62.Bf, 81.05.Bx,
Keywords Annealing time (2) , The Lattice constant, Solid-state reaction, The Rietveld method.

Neodymium Ferrite Oxide (Nd1.2FeO3) has been successfully synthesized using solid state reaction by varying annealing time. Structural crystallographic characteristics were obtained by X-ray diffraction. The results of X-ray diffraction analysis showed the samples had been identified composed of NdFeO3 and Nd2O3 phase, with peak dominant correspond to hkl (121), FWHM value of 0.22° and estimated crystal size of 393 nm. Analysis using Rietveld methods obtained Nd1.2FeO3 oxide material has a crystal structure is orthorhombic with space-group of PNMA. The results are comparable as was reported elsewhere that the oxide material is useful for gas sensor application.

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