Numerical Simulation of Field-effect Transistorwith a Channel in the Form of a Nanowire

Authors І.P. Buryk1 , A.O. Holovnia2, I.M. Martynenko2, O.P. Tkach2, L.V. Odnodvorets2

1Konotop Institute of Sumy State University, 24, Myru Ave., 41615 Konotop, Ukraine

2Sumy State University, 2, Rymsky-Korsakov St., 40007 Sumy, Ukraine

Issue Volume 13, Year 2021, Number 4
Dates Received 02 July 2021; revised manuscript received 11 August 2021; published online 20 August 2021
Citation І.P. Buryk, A.O. Holovnia, I.M. Martynenko, et al., J. Nano- Electron. Phys. 13 No 4, 04030 (2021)
PACS Number(s) 85.60.Bt, 78.20.Bh, 73.61.Ga
Keywords GAA nanowire FET, Simulation (35) , Temperature effects of electrical parameters.

The operation of the basic functional element of the integrated circuit – the field-effect transistor – is based on the drift of electrons and holes in the Si channel. With the use of stretching-compression of the crystal lattice of the Si substrate, by introducing impurity atoms, the mobility of carriers is somewhat reduced. At the same time, considerable interest to nanowires (NWs) based on Si (Ge) solid solution as elements for the formation of highly efficient channels of field-effect transistors necessitates studies of their structural, electrical and temperature characteristics. The paper presents the results of numerical simulation of coaxial Si-channel gate-all-around (GAA) FET structures. The structure of the n-type GAA NWFET and its volt-ampere characteristics were constructed using Silvaco TCAD tools. Within the framework of the diffusion-drift model of carrier transport, taking into account the Bohm quantum potential, effective operating parameters were obtained: permissible values of the threshold voltage, leakage current and Ion/Ioff coefficient, and their dependences on temperature. It was obtained that the values of the threshold voltage Vt and subthreshold scattering SS remain almost unchanged with increasing temperature in the range from 280 to 400 K, which is primarily due to the additional influence of quantum effects for a given channel thickness and impurity concentrations. In addition, a typical decrease in the switch-on current by 45.5 % and leakage current by 46.4 % in a given temperature range was recorded. To assess the thermal stability of the studied transistor systems, the temperature coefficients Vt, SS Ion and Ioff were calculated. Their values were respectively 8.63⋅10 – 5; – 0.53⋅10 – 5; – 3.87⋅10 – 3 and – 3.80⋅10-3 K – 1. The results of numerical simulations showed good agreement with the experimental data.

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