Microfluidic Mechanics and Applications: a Review

Authors Sandeep Arya1, Saleem Khan1, Akhil Vaid2, Harneet Kour2, Parveen Lehana1

1 Department of Physics & Electronics, University of Jammu, 180006 Jammu, India

2 Department of E&C, SSCET, Badhani, Pathankot, Punjab, India

Issue Volume 5, Year 2013, Number 4
Dates Received 26 July 2013; published online 31 January 2014
Citation Sandeep Arya, Saleem Khan, Akhil Vaid, et al., J. Nano- Electron. Phys. 5 No 4, 04047 (2013)
PACS Number(s) 47.63. – b, 47.85.L –
Keywords Microfluidics; Reynold’s number; Capillary; Surface tension; Fabrication.
Annotation Microfluidics involves the transportation, splitting and mixing of minute fluids to perform several chemical and biological reactions including drug screening, heating, cooling or dissolution of reagents. Efforts have been made to develop different microfluidic devices, droplets and valves that can stop and resume flow of liquids inside a microchannel. This paper provides the review related to the theory and mechanics of microfluidic devices and fluid flow. Different materials and techniques for fabricating microfluidic devices are discussed. Subsequently, the microfluidic components that are responsible for successful micrfluidic device formation are presented. Finally, recent applications related to the microfluidics are highlighted.

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