Facile Rapid Synthesis of Polyaniline (PANI) Nanofibers

Authors Sachin S. Sawant1,2 , Ashok D. Bhagwat1,3 , Chandrashekhar M. Mahajan2

1 Singhania University, Pacheri Bari, Jhunjhunu – 333515 Rajasthan, India

2 Department of Engineering Sciences and Humanities, Vishwakarma Institute of Technology, Pune – 411037 Maharashtra, India

3 Dnyanshree Institute of Engineering and Technology, Satara – 415013 Maharashtra, India

Issue Volume 8, Year 2016, Number 1
Dates Received 09 July 2015; revised manuscript received 09 March 2016; published online 15 March 2016
Citation Sachin S. Sawant, Ashok D. Bhagwat, Chandrashekhar M. Mahajan, J. Nano- Electron. Phys. 8 No 1, 01037 (2016)
DOI 10.21272/jnep.8(1).01037
PACS Number(s) 68.37.Hk, 68.47.Mn, 82.35.Cd,
Keywords Mesh, Nano-fibers, Polyaniline (3) , Rapid mixing, Synthesis (27) .
Annotation A Polyaniline (PANI) nanofibers have been successfully synthesized by a facile rapid oxidative polymerization of aniline hydrochloride and ammonium persulfate at high temperature (60 C). The structural and optical properties of PANI nanofibers are investigated by using X-ray diffraction (XRD), UV-VIS Spectroscopy and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR). The XRD analysis ascertains formation of PANI with nanocrystalline nature with average crystallite size 30 nm. Further, FTIR pattern confirmed the formation of PANI. SEM analysis has revealed homogeneous fibrous morphology of PANI nanofibers, a well formed mesh of interconnected and entangled PANI nano-fibers over the scanned area. The UV-VIS spectroscopic analysis shows three major absorption peaks at 256.73, 361.17 and 480.95 nm confirmed the PANI formation with conducting state.

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