Influence of the Angle of Incident Light on the Performance of Textured Silicon Solar Cells

Authors J. Gulomov , R. Aliev

Andijan State University, 129, Universitet St., 170100 Andijan, Uzbekistan

Issue Volume 13, Year 2021, Number 6
Dates Received 02 November 2021; revised manuscript received 18 December 2021; published online 20 December 2021
Citation J. Gulomov, R. Aliev, J. Nano- Electron. Phys. 13 No 6, 06036 (2021)
PACS Number(s) 85.60.Bt, 78.20.Bh, 78.66.Db
Keywords Solar cell (51) , Silicon (58) , Simulation (35) , Angle of incident light, Pyramid, Texture (2) .

It is important to study environmental effects on the properties of solar cells because solar cells are usually used in open environments. If the surface morphology of a solar cell changes, the angle of incident light will change depending on its photoelectric properties. So, in this paper, the photoelectric properties of silicon solar cells covered with upright pyramids with different base angles were investigated depending on the angle of incident light. From the obtained results, it was found that when the angle of incident light is varied from 0º to 80º, the short circuit current densities of planar and pyramidal textured silicon solar cells with base angles of pyramids of 50.4º and 70.4º decrease to 82.6, 88.8, 89.8 %, the open circuit voltages decrease to 10.5, 12.8, 14.1 % and the fill factors decrease to 1.9, 2.2 and 3.2 %. The efficiency of a silicon solar cell covered with pyramids with a base angle of 70.40 is better than those of planar and other textured silicon solar cells in the range of incident light angles from 0º to 80º, although the dependence of its photoelectric parameters on the angle of incident light increases.

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