3D FDM Printable Polymer Composites and Polymer Nanocomposites: State of the Art

Authors Akash Ahlawat1, Ravinder Kumar Sahdev1, R.K. Gupta2, Deepak Chhabra1

1Department of Mechanical Engineering, UIET, MDU, Rohtak 124001, India

2Department of Mechanical Engineering, Manipal University Jaipur, Jaipur, India

Issue Volume 13, Year 2021, Number 2
Dates Received 10 January 2021; revised manuscript received 26 March 2021; published online 09 April 2021
Citation Akash Ahlawat, Ravinder Kumar Sahdev, R.K. Gupta, Deepak Chhabra, J. Nano- Electron. Phys. 13 No 2, 02020 (2021)
DOI https://doi.org/10.21272/jnep.13(2).02020
PACS Number(s) 61.46.Np, 81.05.Qk
Keywords 3D printable polymer nanocomposites, FDM (2) , Graphene (23) , Carbon nanotubes (14) , Nanofillers.

This paper deals with the state of the art of the mechanical, thermal and electrical properties of polymer filament reinforced with nanoparticles and their classification for FDM 3D printing. There can be numerous properties that are needed to be improved, but strength and elongation are considered the most effective ones to enlarge the utility of additive manufacturing. To improve mechanical, electrical, thermal properties of the components fabricated by FDM 3D printing, composites and nanocomposites like carbon nanotubes, graphite nanoplatelets, glass fiber, carbon fiber, multi-walled carbon nanotubes, montmorillonite clay, graphene are used as an additive with a thermoplastic polymer. The popularly known thermoplastics polymers that can be used with nanocomposites are ABS and PLA because of their low melting point. This study attempts to contribute various properties of smart filament with nanocomposites that are used in 3D printing techniques. The advancement of printable polymer nanocomposites is enlarging the 3D printing filaments envelope, by which fabrication of parts is possible with complexity and multifunctionality.

List of References