Recent Advancements in Electrochemical Conversion of Carbon Dioxide

Authors Nandan Nag1, Amit Kumar2, Sumit Sharma1, Sandip Kumar3, Amit K. Thakur4

1Department of Metallurgical Engineering, BIT Sindri, 828122 Dhanbad, India

2Department of Chemical Engineering, Institute of Technology Nirma University, 282470 Ahmedabad, India

3Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Old Dominion University, 23529 Norfolk, VA, USA

4Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Petroleum and Energy Studies, 248007 Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India

Issue Volume 14, Year 2022, Number 6
Dates Received 03 October 2022; revised manuscript received 21 December 2022; published online 27 December 2022
Citation Nandan Nag, Amit Kumar, Sumit Sharma, et al., J. Nano- Electron. Phys. 14 No 6, 06027 (2022)
PACS Number(s) 88.20.rm
Keywords Carbon dioxide, Formic acid, Electrochemical conversion, Organic acids.

Electrochemical reduction of carbon dioxide into eco-friendly and clean products is a promising approach to eradicate pollution. Although carbon dioxide emission is inhibited by the advent of renewable sources of energy, it is present in the atmosphere and needs to be cleaned. The reduction of carbon dioxide from atmospheric gases can be accomplished by its adsorption and subsequent transportation to electrolytic chambers, where it is reduced to hydrocarbons, organic acids or carbonates. This review focuses on developing a three-compartment electrochemical cell to reduce carbon dioxide used as a catholyte. Various factors affecting the electrochemical reduction of carbon dioxide and recent advancements in this field are deliberated.

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