Cotton Textile Surface Investigation Before and After Deposition of the ZnO Coating by Sol-gel Method

Authors S. Vihodceva, S. Kukle

Riga Technical University, Institute of Textile Materials Technology and Design, 14/24 Azenes street, LV-1048 Riga, Latvia

Issue Volume 5, Year 2013, Number 1
Dates Received 15 November 2012; published online 28 March 2013
Citation S. Vihodceva, S. Kukle, J. Nano- Electron. Phys. 5 No 1, 01006 (2013)
PACS Number(s) 68.35 Bt, 68.37.Hk, 68.37.Yz
Keywords Sol-gel (17) , Zinc oxide (10) , Thin films (60) , Cotton textile, Nanosol, Surface modification (3) .
Annotation In the present research the commercial type of cotton textiles were modified by the sol-gel method to evaluate sol-gel technology suitability for cotton textiles. The nanosol was deposited on the cotton textile by dipping process; as well evaluation of the dipping process for thin zinc oxide coating deposition was made. The analysis of the coated textile surface was carried out by Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM), Atomic Force Microscope (AFM) and energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) spectroscopy. Data received by SEM and EDX analyses evince that the deposited coatings are evenly distributed, not only on surface of yarns but in the depth of textile material as well and are resistant to the exploitation impact (laundry test). AFM analyse evince that the deposited zinc oxide coating constituted by spherical or ellipsoidal particles with 30-nm average diameter, assembled in larger clusters.

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