Theoretical Study of the Effect of Packing on the Temperature of Fiber Optic Cables

Authors S. Zegdou1, K.E. Aiadi1, Y. Benkrima2

1 Lab. Développement des Energies Nouvelles et Renouvelables en Zones Aride et Sahariennes, Univ Ouargla, Fac. des Mathématiques et des Sciences de la Matière, 30000 Ouargla, Algeria

2 Ecole Normale Supérieure de Ouargla, 30000 Ouargla, Algeria

Issue Volume 14, Year 2022, Number 5
Dates Received 18 April 2022; revised manuscript received 24 October 2022; published online 28 October 2022
Citation S. Zegdou, K.E. Aiadi, Y. Benkrima, J. Nano- Electron. Phys. 14 No 5, 05022 (2022)
PACS Number(s) 42.79.e, 42.81.i
Keywords Glass fibers, Plastic fibers, Hexagonal packing, Normal packing, Temperature (46) .

The aim of this study is to show the impact of the packing on a fiber optic cable carrying concentrated solar radiation using a solar equivalent cutting center. This solar radiation is taken on a specific day and hour in Wilaya of Ouargla-Algeria. In this study, we developed a mathematical model and obtained differential equations using the MATLAB program, using the properties of both plastic and glass fibers for normal and hexagonal packing by choosing a certain energy value at the cable output. After analyzing the obtained results, we compared them with the results of previous studies for two types of fiberglass and plastic cables in the cases of hexagonal and normal packing. The results showed that the temperature of the hexagonally packed fiber optic cable was lower than that of the normally packed fiber optic cable regardless of the type of fiber material. In addition, the total amount of solar radiation required to be transmitted through the hexagonal-packed fiber optic cable is less than that required to be transmitted through the conventional fiber optic cable in order to get the same energy at the cable output.

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