Effect of PMMA Temperature on Optical Performances of 1 х 2 Hybrid Photonic Crystals Waveguide Beam Splitters

Authors M.El. Hathat1,2, M. Boulesbaa1,2, S. Gamouh1,3

1Electronic and Telecommunications Department, University Kasdi Merbah of Ouargla 30000 Ouargla, Algeria

2L.R.P.P.S. Laboratory, University Kasdi Merbah of Ouargla, 30000 Ouargla, Algeria

3Laboratory of Hyper Frequency and Semiconductors (L.H.S.), Constantine, Algeria

Е-mail hathat.med_fateh@univ-ouargla.dz
Issue Volume 15, Year 2023, Number 5
Dates Received 20 August 2023; revised manuscript received 14 October 2023; published online 30 October 2023
Citation M.El. Hathat, M. Boulesbaa, et al., J. Nano- Electron. Phys. 15 No 5, 05006 (2023)
DOI https://doi.org/10.21272/jnep.15(5).05006
PACS Number(s) 41.85.Qg, 42.25.Bs, 42.82.Et
Keywords Beam splitter, PMMA (2) , Photonic band gap, Coupling, Transmission (16) .

In this study, a new design of 1 х 2 photonic crystal beam splitters is proposed to achieve symmetrically higher power splitting. Two different splitters based on hybrid couplers made from silicon (Si) and poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) materials were studied. One splitter had two outputs, and the other had four outputs. The PMMA temperature was varied from 0 °C to 130 °C to enhance the optical performance of the proposed splitters. The power intensity and photonic band gap (PBG) values were numerically investigated using the finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) and plane wave expansion (PWE) methods. The effect of temperature on these values was also studied to obtain the optimal conditions for high efficiency. The efficiency values were satisfactory. They could reach 49.9 % from the two output ports at a temperature of 80 °C.

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