Investigation of Equivalent Circuit Model for a 5G Microstrip Patch Antenna

Authors Bilal Aghoutane1, Mohammed El Ghzaoui2, Hanan El Faylali1, Sudipta Das3

1ISO Laboratory, Department of Computer Science, IbnTofail University, Kenitra, Morocco

2Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, Faculty of Sciences, Fes, Morocco

3Department of ECE, IMPS College of Engineering and Technology, W.B., India

Issue Volume 13, Year 2021, Number 3
Dates Received 10 January 2021; revised manuscript received 14 June 2021; published online 25 June 2021
Citation Bilal Aghoutane, Mohammed El Ghzaoui, Hanan El Faylali, Sudipta Das, J. Nano- Electron. Phys. 13 No 3, 03036 (2021)
PACS Number(s) 84.40.Ba
Keywords Antenna (5) , 5G applications, Equivalent circuit, Reflection coefficient (3) .

In recent years, we are witnessing an exponential development of new applications and technologies in the fields of health, media, industry, transport, energy. This evolution goes hand in hand with the emergence of new services related to a multiplication of connected objects. Faced with these challenges, a new revolution is coming with a new standard of mobile telecommunications systems, referred to as 5G technology. This work presents an investigation of an equivalent circuit model for a 5G microstrip patch antenna. The purpose of this paper is to model an antenna with electrical circuit. In this direction, the proposed antenna was designed by two methods then compared in term of S11. Firstly, the antenna was designed by HFSS (High Frequency Structure Simulator) software. Then, the same antenna was designed by an equivalent circuit by using the optimization tool in ADS (Advanced design system) software. The results obtained from the two softwares were compared in terms of the reflection coefficient, i.e., S11. It has been demonstrated that the results from ADS are in good agreement with those from HFSS. Other parameters are discussed in this paper such as VSWR (Voltage Standing Wave Ratio), E-plane and H-plane of the proposed antenna and real and imaginary part of input impedance of the proposed antenna. From simulation results, we can conclude that the proposed equivalent circuit is validated by mean of simulations.

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