Sizing Optimization of Grid-Connected Hybrid PV-Wind Energy Systems: State of Art Review and Perspectives

Authors W. Ahouar1, L. Bousselamti1, M. Labbadi1, S. Lakrit2, M. Cherkaoui1

1Engineering for Smart and Sustainable Systems Research Center, Mohammadia School of Engineers, Mohammed V University in Rabat, Morocco

2Applied Mathematics and Information Systems Laboratory, EST of Nador, Mohammed First University, Oujda, Morocco

Issue Volume 13, Year 2021, Number 3
Dates Received 10 January 2021; revised manuscript received 15 June 2021; published online 25 June 2021
Citation W. Ahouar, L. Bousselamti, M. Labbadi, S. Lakrit, M. Cherkaoui, J. Nano- Electron. Phys. 13 No 3, 03006 (2021)
PACS Number(s) 84.60.  h
Keywords Renewable energy, Hybrid PV-wind energy system, Grid-connected, Optimal sizing, State of art.

Renewable energy systems are the major components of the strategy to reduce global warming. Hybrid systems using a combination of solar and wind energy are commonly used in remote areas; they have the advantage of reliability and stability. A hybrid energy system includes more than one energy source to cover an electrical load. Energy sources can be renewable as well as conventional. It can either be standalone or grid-connected. When a hybrid energy system includes solar or wind energy, it is important to add an auxiliary source of energy (coming from battery banks, diesel generator, or utility grid) so as to reduce energy cost and ensure system’s reliability. Optimization sizing is one of the most important issues in this type of systems. In this regards much research has been done. The aim of this paper is to provide an overview of different criteria and methods utilized in current literature to find the optimal sizing of grid-connected hybrid PV-wind energy systems. This work concludes with promising techniques for future use in this field.

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