Synthesis of Mixed-phase Barium Titanium Oxide (BaTiO3/Ba2TiO4) Perovskite Catalyst for Biofuel Production

Authors P.P. Gohain1, R. Saha1, M.G. Choudhury1, R. Kataki2, S. Paul1

1Advanced Materials Research and Energy Application Laboratory (AMREAL), Department of Energy Engineering, North-Eastern Hill University, Shillong 793022, India

2Department of Energy, Tezpur University, Tezpur, 784 028 Assam, India

Issue Volume 13, Year 2021, Number 3
Dates Received 21 March 2021; revised manuscript received 15 June 2021; published online 25 June 2021
Citation P.P. Gohain, R. Saha, M.G. Choudhury, et al., J. Nano- Electron. Phys. 13 No 3, 03017 (2021)
PACS Number(s) 77.84.Bw, 74.62.Bf
Keywords Perovskite (6) , Barium titanium oxide, Biofuel production, Synthesis (27) , Mixed phase.

The mixed-phase barium titanium oxide perovskite nanoparticles were synthesized by calcining barium carbonate and titanium dioxide precursors at 900 C. The nanoparticles were characterized using X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and selective area diffraction analysis. The synthesized barium titanium oxide particles were found to have almost spherical shape with 6-15 nm size. The synthesized mixed-phase BaTiO3/Ba2TiO4 perovskite nanoparticles are used for biofuel production. The formation of methyl ester after the transesterification reaction confirms the conversion of essential oil into biofuel, as analyzed by GC-MS.

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