Quasiharmonic r–space Computational Scheme for Phonon Dynamics: Case Study of Calcium Oxide

Authors P.N. Vyas1, D.R. Gohil1, N.K. Bhatt1, P.R. Vyas2

1Department of Physics, Maharaja Krishnakumarsinhji Bhavnagar University, Bhavnagar-364001, Gujarat, India

2Department of Physics, School of Sciences, Gujarat University, Ahmedabad - 380009, Gujarat, India

Е-mail poojavyas1251995@gmail.com
Issue Volume 12, Year 2020, Number 2
Dates Received 16 February 2020; revised manuscript received 15 April 2020; published online 25 April 2020
Citation P.N. Vyas, D.R. Gohil, N.K. Bhatt, P.R. Vyas, J. Nano- Electron. Phys. 12 No 2, 02033 (2020)
DOI https://doi.org/10.21272/jnep.12(2).02033
PACS Number(s) 63.20. − e, 63.20.Dj, 63.20.dk
Keywords CaO (2) , Phonons, Quasiharmonic.

The role of phonons is important in accounting various properties of materials. Crystal potential being an anharmonic function of volume, variations are seen in phonon derived properties with a change in volume. In the present work, we employ an approximate technique of expanding phonon frequencies using Taylor series expansion upto second-order in volume to calculate the volume dependent phonon frequencies of CaO in B1 and B2 phases. Equilibrium properties are obtained by fitting Murnaghan EoS to first principles DFT based results, however. The mode Grüneisen parameter and concavity parameter are computed with the help of present ab initio phonon frequencies for both the phases. Their volume dependence are estimated analytically using the proposed scheme. We find that phonon frequencies increase by decreasing volume. Analytically calculated volume dependent phonon frequencies are compared in reasonable agreement with the frequencies obtained directly using DFT for B1-phase. Thus, the present r–space computational scheme of deriving volume dependent phonon frequency proves to be an alternative to overcome lengthy phonon calculations.

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