Prospects for the Application of Nanotechnologies to the Computer System Architecture

Authors J. Partyka1, M. Mazur2

1 Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Information Science, Lublin University of Technology 38а, ul. Nadbystrzycka

2 Wyższa Szkoła Ekonomii i Innowacji w Lublinie ul. Mełgiewska 7-9

Issue Volume 4, Year 2012, Number 1
Dates Received 26 September 2011; published online 14 March 2012
Citation J. Partyka, M. Mazur, J. Nano-Electron. Phys. 4 No 1, 01003 (2012)
PACS Number(s) 5.35. – p, 89.20.Ff
Keywords Computer (6) , Miniaturization, Nanotechnology (6) , Graphene (23) .
Annotation Computer system architecture essentially influences the comfort of our everyday living. Developmental transition from electromechanical relays to vacuum tubes, from transistors to integrated circuits has significantly changed technological standards for the architecture of computer systems. Contemporary information technologies offer huge potential concerning miniaturization of electronic circuits. Presently, a modern integrated circuit includes over a billion of transistors, each of them smaller than 100 nm . Stepping beyond the symbolic 100 nm limit means that with the onset of the 21 century we have entered a new scientific area that is an era of nanotechnologies. Along with the reduction of transistor dimensions their operation speed and efficiency grow. However, the hitherto observed developmental path of classical electronics with its focus on the miniaturization of transistors and memory cells seems arriving at the limits of technological possibilities because of technical problems as well as physical limitations related to the appearance of new nano-scale phenomena as e.g. quantum effects.

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