Modelling of Gas Diffusion Layer of Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cell: A Computational Approach

Authors Susmita Singh1 , Kinsuk Giri2 , Aadrita Chaudhuri1 , Tanya Nishad1, Debasmita Paul1, Priya Poddar1

1Department of Chemistry, Amity Institute of Applied Sciences, Amity University, Kolkata, Major Arterial Road (South-East), AA II, Rajarhat, 700135 Newtown, West Bengal, India

2Computer Science and Engineering, NITTTR, Kolkata, Block-FC, Sector-III, 700106 Salt Lake City, Kolkata, India

Issue Volume 15, Year 2023, Number 3
Dates Received 12 May 2023; revised manuscript received 14 June 2023; published online 30 June 2023
Citation Susmita Singh, Kinsuk Giri, et al., J. Nano- Electron. Phys. 15 No 3, 03006 (2023)
PACS Number(s) 82.47.Nj, 88.30.G –
Keywords Gas diffusion layer, Low temperature fuel cell, Computational modelling, Simulation (35) .

In Polymer Electrolyte Membrane (PEM) Fuel Cell Gas Diffusion Layer (GDL) is the key component that makes electrical connection between the bipolar plates and the electrodes and helps in distribution of reactants to the electrocatalyst layers. Moreover, GDL allows the removal of produced water from the surface of the electrode and allow the motion of water in between the flow channels and two electrodes. It is well observed that the computational modelling plays an important role regarding the advancement in efficiency of PEM Fuel Cell. From the modelling perspective this is minutely examined that the GDL layer provides many objectives. Many approaches are being undertaken for the modelling of the GDL. Accurate prediction of the effective distribution of fuel, optimization of temperature and water management of GDL is important in understanding its effects on PEMFC performance. As the complex geometry is involved in GDL so the prediction of GDL behaviour is quite challenging. Hence, computational modelling of GDL is highly beneficial in this condition. This study aims to understand the influence of different parameters like temperature, Water vapor concentration, oxygen concentration, water vapour saturation on GDL performance. So, this work focuses on the study of the GDL computationally using MATLAB as the convenient programming language.

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