Synthesis of Silver Nanoparticles Using Response Surface Methodology

Authors N. Adibah, B.E. Firdianti, S. Suprapto

Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Data Analytics, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, 60111 Indonesia

Issue Volume 15, Year 2023, Number 3
Dates Received 20 May 2023; revised manuscript received 15 June 2023; published online 30 June 2023
Citation N. Adibah, B.E. Firdianti, S. Suprapto, J. Nano- Electron. Phys. 15 No 3, 03001 (2023)
PACS Number(s) 61.46.Df, 78.67.Bf
Keywords Silver nanoparticles (4) , Response surface methodology, Central composite design.

Silver nanoparticles have become a popular area of research in the field of nanotechnology due to their unique properties, including excellent antimicrobial activity. The synthesis of silver nanoparticles can be optimized using response surface methodology (RSM), which provides a systematic and efficient approach to determine the ideal process parameters for obtaining the desired nanoparticles. In this study, the Response Surface Methodology (RSM) - Faced-Centered Central Composite Design (FCCD) was utilized to optimize the synthesis conditions for the preparation of silver nanoparticles. The variables affecting the synthesis of silver nanoparticles, including precursor concentration, reducing agent concentration, and reaction time, were investigated. The synthesized silver nanoparticles obtained in this study had a size of 10.99 nm and a maximum wavelength of 450 nm. Through the resulting 3D plots, the impact and interaction between silver nitrate concentration, ascorbic acid concentration, and reaction time could be analyzed. Overall, this research provides valuable insights into the optimization of silver nanoparticle synthesis using response surface methodology, which can lead to the development of more efficient and effective methods for producing nanoparticles with desired properties.

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