Synthesis and Characterization of Temperature Controlled SnO2 Nanoparticles by Solid-state Reaction Method

Authors Vijay Garg1, Harsh Sharma1, Divya Rehani2,3, Renu Kumari2,4, Vipin Kumar4, Manoj Kumar Tiwari5, Shailesh Narain Sharma3,6, Manish Saxena7

1Department of Physics, M.M. College Modinagar, 201204 Ghaziabad (U.P), India

2Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Technical University, 226031 Lucknow (U.P.), India

3Council of Scientific & Industrial Research-National Physical Laboratory, 110012 New Delhi, India

4Department of Physics, KIET Group of Institutions, 201206 Ghaziabad (U.P.), India

5Department of Electronics, Bhaskaracharya College of Applied Science, Delhi University, 110075 Delhi, India

6Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research ACSIR, 201002 Ghaziabad (U.P.), India

7Moradabad Institute of Technology, 244001 Moradabad, India


Issue Volume 12, Year 2020, Number 4
Dates Received 14 April 2020; revised manuscript received 20 August 2020; published online 25 August 2020
Citation Vijay Garg, Harsh Sharma, Divya Rehani, et al., J. Nano- Electron. Phys. 12 No 4, 04004 (2020)
PACS Number(s) 61.05.C, 61.82.Rx, 68.37.Hk, 82.20.Fw
Keywords Tin oxide (8) , Nanoparticles (70) , Temperature (46) , Diffraction (21) , Tetragonal.

In the present work, nanoparticles of tin oxide (SnO2) annealed at temperatures of 400 °C, 500 °C, and 600 °C were prepared via solid-state reaction method. Structural and optical properties of prepared SnO2 nanoparticles were analyzed by X-ray diffractometer (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), elemental study was performed by energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDAX), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), dynamic light scattering (DLS) and ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) absorption characterizing techniques. The X-ray diffraction pattern confirms the pure tetragonal rutile structure of tin oxide nanoparticles without any impurity phase. SEM images depict the formation of nanorods at all annealing temperatures of 400 °C, 500 °C, and 600 °C while EDAX analysis confirms the presence of Sn and O without any impurities. UV-Vis absorption spectra show that the band gap of prepared tin oxide nanoparticles decreases initially from 3.44 eV at 400 °C to 3.03 eV at 500 °C and further increases to 3.39 eV at 600 °C. FTIR spectrum confirms the presence of O–Sn–O bond along with one unwanted absorption peak.

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