Synthesis and Characterization of Ce-Fe Composite Nanoparticles via Sol-gel Method

Authors Aishwarya Surendran1, Nitish K. Gupta1, , Fozia Aziz2, Kamal K. Kushwaha3

1 Department of Applied Chemistry, Shri G.S. Institute of Technology and Science, Indore 452003, India

2 Department of Physics, Government College Madleshwar, India3 Department of Physics, Government Engineering College, Jabalpur, India

3 Department of Physics, Government Engineering College, Jabalpur, India

Issue Volume 12, Year 2020, Number 1
Dates Received 07 January 2020; revised manuscript received 15 February 2020; published online 25 February 2020
Citation Aishwarya Surendran, Nitish K. Gupta, Fozia Aziz, и др., J. Nano- Electron. Phys. 12 No 1, 01025 (2020)
PACS Number(s) 61.46.Df
Keywords Ce-Fe composites, Polyvinyl alcohol, XRD (80) , FTIR (27) , UV-Visible, Sol-gel synthesis.

Inorganic-organic hybrid materials exhibit a vast application potential due to their tailorable mechanical and optical properties. These hybrid materials are hi-tech and sometime show unexpected properties different from organic/inorganic molecule. In the present study, the nanosized Ce-Fe composites of perovskite structure were synthesized via sol-gel method using mixture of hybrid materials, i.e. polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and cerium nitrate, and calcined at different temperatures. The as-synthesized Ce-Fe composites were characterized using XRD, SEM, FTIR, UV-Vis techniques to study their structural, morphological and optical properties. Characterization study shows crystalline nature of particles with a size ranging from 22.04 nm to 57.73 nm with agglomeration and porous nature. These composites show the characteristic metal-oxygen absorption band in wavelength range of 500-400 cm – 1 and band gap energies from 4.0 to 5.2 eV. The formation of Ce-Fe composite material is reported at calcination temperature of 800-1000 (C. Further calcination at a higher temperature may lead to the formation of CeFeO3 which offers scope of further study.

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