Effect of Annealing Time on the Optical and Structural Properties of ZnO Nanorods

Автор(ы) A.K. Bhunia1, S.S. Pradhan2, S. Saha3
Принадлежность

1Department of Physics, Government General Degree College at Gopiballavpur-II, Beliaberah, Jhargram, West Bengal 721517, India

2Department of Physics, Midnapore College (Autonomous), Paschim Medinipur, West Bengal 721102, India

3Department of Physics & Technophysics, Vidyasagar University, Paschim Medinipur, West Bengal 721102, India

Е-mail amitphysics87@gmail.com
Выпуск Том 11, Год 2019, Номер 6
Даты Получено 13 августа 2019; в отредактированной форме 15 декабря 2019; опубликовано online 13 декабря 2019
Ссылка A.K. Bhunia, S.S. Pradhan, et al., J. Nano- Electron. Phys. 11 No 6, 06003 (2019)
DOI https://doi.org/10.21272/jnep.11(6).06003
PACS Number(s) 78.66.Bz, 81.40.Vw
Ключевые слова ZnO nanocrystals, Band gap (27) , Emission spectrum, XRD (61) , TEM (69) .
Аннотация

Zinc oxide nanorods (NRs) are successfully synthesized by simple chemical precipitation method using zinc nitrate hexahydrate and sodium hydroxide as the precursors. The effect of annealing at 400 °C for 2 h and 4 h on the ZnO sample is investigated by UV-Vis spectroscopy, emission spectrum and XRD analysis. The band gap of NRs decreased from 3.86 eV to 3.54 eV and Urbach energy increased from 1.33 eV to 1.75 eV under heat treatment. Strong excitonic related UV emission at 381 nm, 399 nm, 394 nm and defect related emissions in the visible regions are observed from ZnO NRs. X-ray diffraction study revealed that the ZnO NRs are highly crystalline and have a pure hexagonal phase. The results revealed that grain size increases and strain decreases after annealing the ZnO NRs. Well crystalline ZnO NRs with aspect ratio of about 4.25 and bright diffraction spots are observed from TEM and SAED patterns.

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