Spatial Confinement of Optical Phonons in ZnO Nanowalls and Nanorods

Author(s) M. Arora , R.P. Pant
National Physical Laboratory, Dr. K.S. Krishnan Road, 110 012, New Delhi, India
Issue Volume 3, Year 2011, Number 1, Part 4
Dates Received 04 February 2011, published online 17 October 2011
Citation M. Arora, R.P. Pant, J. Nano- Electron. Phys. 3 No1, 814 (2011)
PACS Number(s) 63.22.Np, 78.67.-n, 68.37.Hk, 63.22.Gh, 82.80.Gk, 77.55.hf
Key words Nanowires (8) , Zinc oxide (9) , Raman spectroscopy (15) , II-VI semiconductor (4) .
FT Raman spectrum of ZnO nanowalls and nanorods showed optical phonon and multiphonon peaks of E2 (high) and E2 (low), E1 (TO and LO) and A1 (TO and LO), 2E2, [E2 + A1(LO)], [E1 (LO) + A1(TO)] and [E1(TO) + A(LO)] modes at (108.9 and 434.46 cm-1), (415.24 and 583.32), (383.49 and 574.84), 215.43, 676.24, 956.02 and 998.98 cm-1 respectively. In nanowalls, the appearance of B2 Raman inactive mode at 276.46 cm-1 is attributed to the existence of built in electric field in the crystallites of ZnO. The weak bands at 516.78 and 467.56 cm –1 confirmed the presence of highly localized modes near the grain boundaries having electric field within the grains close to grain boundary The broadening and asymmetry of the first order E2 (high) optical phonon mode reveal the spatial confinement of optical phonons.